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George Mercer
 1733 - 1784

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  • Birth  23 Jun 1733  Stafford Co., VA
    Gender  Male 
    Died  Apr 1784  London, England
    Person ID  I105331  Herring
    Last Modified  29 Jan 2010 08:49:32 
    Father  John Mercer, b. 6 Feb 1704/05, Dublin, Ireland 
    Mother  Catherine Mason, b. 21 Jun 1707 
    Family ID  F029166  Group Sheet
    Family  Mary Neville 
    Married  18 Aug 1767  Scarborough, England
    Family ID  F049789  Group Sheet
  • Notes 
    • Eldest son of John Mercer, of "Marlborough," was born June 23, 1733, was educated at William and Mary College; was lieutenant and captain in Washington's First Virginia Regiment in the French and Indian war, and later lieutenant-colonel of Colonel Byrd's Second Virginia Regiment; aide-de-camp to Washington, and was wounded at Fort Necessity, July 3, 1754. In 1761-63 he was burgess for Frederick county, and in 1763 went to England as agent for the Ohio Company. While there he was appointed stamp distributor and was given charge of the stamps for Maryland and Virginia. When he reached Virginia and learned of the feeling among the people, he resigned his office and, entrusting the stamps to Captain Sterling, commander of his majesty's ship, Rainbow, he returned to England. He married, on August 18, 1767, at Scarboro, England, Mary Neville, daughter of Christopher Neville, of Lincoln. He was later appointed lieutenant-governor of North Carolina, but he did not ever act as governor. He died in London, April, 1784.

      Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I
      IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons

      George Mercer
      (Born 1733, died 1784)

      BIRTH DATE: June 23, 1733

      BIRTHPLACE: Marlborough Plantation, Virginia

      DEATH DATE: April 1784

      PLACE OF DEATH: London, England

      PARENTS: John and Catherine Mason Mercer

      EDUCATION: Probably attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, 1751-1752

      OCCUPATION: Surveyor/Military Officer

      OFFICE(S) HELD: Lieutenant, later Captain, First Virginia Regiment, 1754-1757; Lieutenant Colonel, Second Virginia Regiment, 1758-1759; Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-General for Maryland and Virginia, 1759-1760; Burgess, Virginia General Assembly, 1761-1765; Agent (in England) for the Ohio Company, 1763-1764; Stamp Collector for Maryland and Virginia, 1765; appointed Governor of North Carolina, but never assumed this role

      PLACE OF RESIDENCE: Virginia, 1733-1765; England, 1765-1784

      SPOUSE: Mary Neville

      MISCELLANEOUS: Mercer was wounded at the battle of Fort Necessity (during the French and Indian War) while serving as aide-de-camp to George Washington.

      During the time Mercer was in England serving as an agent for the Ohio Company, he was appointed to the position of stamp collector for the colonies of Maryland and Virginia. Upon arriving in Virginia, he became the target of abuse and strong negative public opinion (this negative public opinion was led by Richard Henry Lee). He resigned his position as stamp collector and, entrusting the stamps to a British officer in command of His Majesty's ship Rainbow, Mercer returned to England a mere four weeks after his arrival in Virginia.

      Copyright 2003 The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation

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