1733 - 1784
||23 Jun 1733
||Stafford Co., VA
||29 Jan 2010 08:49:32 |
||John Mercer, b. 6 Feb 1704/05, Dublin, Ireland |
||Catherine Mason, b. 21 Jun 1707 |
||Mary Neville |
||18 Aug 1767
- Eldest son of John Mercer, of "Marlborough," was born June 23, 1733, was educated at William and Mary College; was lieutenant and captain in Washington's First Virginia Regiment in the French and Indian war, and later lieutenant-colonel of Colonel Byrd's Second Virginia Regiment; aide-de-camp to Washington, and was wounded at Fort Necessity, July 3, 1754. In 1761-63 he was burgess for Frederick county, and in 1763 went to England as agent for the Ohio Company. While there he was appointed stamp distributor and was given charge of the stamps for Maryland and Virginia. When he reached Virginia and learned of the feeling among the people, he resigned his office and, entrusting the stamps to Captain Sterling, commander of his majesty's ship, Rainbow, he returned to England. He married, on August 18, 1767, at Scarboro, England, Mary Neville, daughter of Christopher Neville, of Lincoln. He was later appointed lieutenant-governor of North Carolina, but he did not ever act as governor. He died in London, April, 1784.
Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I
IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons
(Born 1733, died 1784)
BIRTH DATE: June 23, 1733
BIRTHPLACE: Marlborough Plantation, Virginia
DEATH DATE: April 1784
PLACE OF DEATH: London, England
PARENTS: John and Catherine Mason Mercer
EDUCATION: Probably attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, 1751-1752
OCCUPATION: Surveyor/Military Officer
OFFICE(S) HELD: Lieutenant, later Captain, First Virginia Regiment, 1754-1757; Lieutenant Colonel, Second Virginia Regiment, 1758-1759; Assistant Deputy Quartermaster-General for Maryland and Virginia, 1759-1760; Burgess, Virginia General Assembly, 1761-1765; Agent (in England) for the Ohio Company, 1763-1764; Stamp Collector for Maryland and Virginia, 1765; appointed Governor of North Carolina, but never assumed this role
PLACE OF RESIDENCE: Virginia, 1733-1765; England, 1765-1784
SPOUSE: Mary Neville
MISCELLANEOUS: Mercer was wounded at the battle of Fort Necessity (during the French and Indian War) while serving as aide-de-camp to George Washington.
During the time Mercer was in England serving as an agent for the Ohio Company, he was appointed to the position of stamp collector for the colonies of Maryland and Virginia. Upon arriving in Virginia, he became the target of abuse and strong negative public opinion (this negative public opinion was led by Richard Henry Lee). He resigned his position as stamp collector and, entrusting the stamps to a British officer in command of His Majesty's ship Rainbow, Mercer returned to England a mere four weeks after his arrival in Virginia.
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